Every morning, we look in the mirror and know that we are not looking at other people. The ability to recognize oneself through a mirror is what scientists call “visual self-awareness”, which requires a combination of three factors: self, actions and images seen in the mirror.
But not all creatures can recognize themselves in the mirror. Most creatures simply see another animal and do not recognize themselves. Scientific experiments have shown that only some very intelligent animals can recognize themselves when looking in a mirror, and human infants only acquire this ability after 18 months of age.
In 1970, animal psychologist Gordon Gallup designed a “mirror test” to measure whether animals have visual self-awareness. The researchers first anesthetized the animal, then marked with red paint a place on the body that the animal would normally not be able to see. When the animal woke up, they put a mirror in front of it. If the animal looks in the mirror and moves to touch and check the marked spot, it is considered to have passed the test.
See how these intelligent creatures have achieved a level of self-awareness that is almost unparalleled in the animal kingdom!
Testing on chimpanzees is the most complete. The chimpanzee in the experiment immediately touched the red mark on his forehead after looking in the mirror, it also sniffed the tips of his fingers to confirm it was not blood. Overall, chimpanzees’ test pass rate is 75%. Essentially, adult chimpanzees can look in the mirror and recognize themselves, while juveniles are dry. Studies have shown that they are bright enough to distinguish a dye dot and remove it by looking at their own reflection. If this video is any indication, they may also have a bit of a vanity problem.
Dubbed the most intelligent mammal on the planet. Whales easily pass the test.
Three species of toothed whales also passed the test: killer whales, Pseudorca crassidens (bellfish) and bottlenose dolphins. As this article has pointed out, some have wondered if their ability to self-identify could be a means of influencing further laws to protect them and other animals by granting them privacy. human way or not.
Asian elephants have demonstrated self-awareness by exploring mirrors placed in front of them. They will check behind the mirror, apparently to make sure there are no other elephants on the other side. In one study, researchers put two Xs on each of the elephant’s cheeks, one white and the other invisible. Ladies always use their chests to touch the white X when looking in the mirror, not the invisible X, showing that they are more enamored with the look than the feel.
# magpie is
Only one bird has shown evidence of self-identification and that is the magpie. Birds have the ability to recognize an unnatural mark in their feathers and preen it until it no longer appears in the mirror. They also used role models to guide their own self-directed behavior.
# Monkey rhesus
Rhesus monkey also passed the grading test with excellence. In addition, when placed in front of a mirror, they were also seen examining in-depth parts of their bodies that they wouldn’t normally be able to see without a mirror. However, they must be trained to do so and sometimes the results only last a year.
They have been observed to spend about 20 minutes studying their own reflection in a mirror trying to figure it out and Pigs have shown a tendency to use mirrors as a tool to locate consciousness. hidden food. This indicates that they realize they are seeing a reflection, although it is not clear if they can tell when they are looking at themselves.
Why do these animals know themselves in the mirror?
These animals perceive themselves visually in two stages. The first is the detection phase. Animals constantly make strange movements to confirm that the actions of things in the mirror are in sync with themselves. Then comes the discovery stage, when the animal realizes it is in the mirror, it will try to adjust its body, trying to see through the mirror parts it normally can’t see.
The next time someone tries to tell you that animals don’t have self-awareness, you can show them examples that prove otherwise.
Thank you for visiting our website! We hope you will find something of interest on our website. Watch the video in the below:
Video resource: CubeHub01