How Delicious Kiwis Are Grown And Harvested ?

1. About Kiwi Fruit:

Kiwi Fruits

Kiwi or Chinese gooseberry is grown widely in New Zealand, Italy, USA, China, Japan, Australia, France, Chile, and Spain. The kiwi fruit has high nutritive and medicinal value. It is a rich source of vitamin B & C and minerals like phosphorus, potassium & calcium. Kiwi Fruits are consumed fresh or combined with other fruits in salads and desserts. It is also used for the preparation of squash and wine. In India, Kiwi is mostly grown in the mid hills of Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, J & K, Sikkim, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, and Kerala.

2. Growing requirements for Kiwi Fruit:

Kiwi Farming.

Kiwi fruit vines are fairly hardy and grow in a wide range of temperatures, but to produce best quality Kiwi fruit they need: well-drained, fertile soils; shelter from the wind; adequate moisture year-round; protection from autumn and spring frosts.
Suitable Soil for Kiwi Farming:
The deep, yellow-brown loams of the Bay of Plenty are well-drained but need regular nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium once the vines begin cropping. Orchards are usually fertilized in spring and early summer with 200 kilograms of nitrogen, 55 kilograms of phosphorus and 100–150 kilograms of potassium per hectare.
Wind Protection for Young Kiwi Plants:
Wind is a major limiting factor in establishing a kiwi fruit farm and growing high-quality kiwi fruit. Young and flowering shoots are easily damaged, and most Kiwi orchards need protection from winds.
Land Preparation for Kiwi Fruit Production:

Land Preparation for Kiwi Farming.

Steep land is contoured into terraces for planting vines. The rows are to be oriented in a north-south direction to avail maximum sunlight. Thorough preparation of the soil is essential for the successful establishment of its vineyard. Preparation of pits, a mixture of farmyard manure and filling of pits are to be completed by December.

3. Harvesting and Yield of the Kiwi:

Harvested and Ripened Kiwifruit.

Kiwi vine starts bearing at the age of 4-5 years while the commercial production starts at the age of 7-8 years. The fruits mature earlier at a lower altitude and later at high altitudes because of variation in temperature. Large sized berries are harvested first while smaller ones are allowed to increase in size. After harvesting, the fruits are rubbed with a coarse cloth to remove stiff hairs found on their surface. Hard fruits are transported to the market. Subsequently, they lose their firmness in two weeks and become edible.
Post Harvesting Tasks of Kiwi:

Yield of the Kiwi

Grading:
Fruits are graded on the basis of their weight. Fruits weighing 70 grams. and above are graded as ‘A’-grade fruits and between 40-70 grams. as ‘B’ grade fruits.
Storage of Kiwi:
Kiwi fruits have an excellent keeping quality. The fruits can be kept in good condition in a cool place without refrigeration up to 8 weeks. It can be kept for 4 to 6 months in cold storage at -0.6°Cto 0°C.
Packing of Kiwi fruit:
There is no standard package for kiwi fruits. Cardboard boxes of 3-4 kg. capacity is generally used for packing. Polythene liners in storage cases are very effective in maintaining high humidity and can be used to maintain fruits in good condition for a longer period.
Transportation and Marketing:
Road transport by trucks/lorries is the most convenient mode of transport due to the easy approach from orchards to the market. Majority of the growers sell their produce either through trade agents at village level or commission agents at the market.
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